Water & Lands

Additions to Reserve (ATR) and Treaty Land Entitlement (TLE) Consultations

The Manitoba Métis Federation (MMF) and Canada have engaged in a collaborative consultation process to identify the potential impacts which proposed addition of lands to First Nation reserves in Manitoba will have on the rights, claims and interests of our Manitoba Métis Citizens. The MMF and Canada continued the work of minimizing the impacts associated with ATR/TLE by developing and agreeing on a process for meaningful and appropriately funded consultations.

The MMF and Canada have developed a multi-year funding Agreement facilitating the MMF to undertake the work of engaging Manitoba Métis Citizens and identifying potential impacts on a site-by-site basis. To date, the MMF has held several Community Meetings with Métis Citizens to explain the ATR/TLE process, inform Métis Citizens of proposed Additions to Reserve, and acquire input, concerns and priorities to ensure community-based perspectives are highlighted during ongoing consultation.

Federal Land Disposals and Divestitures

In 2013, the Supreme Court of Canada found that the Federal Government breached the honour of the Crown as it failed to implement the long outstanding contract of lands owed to the Manitoba Métis. This history helps inform the MMF's work with regard to Crown Lands. Public Services and Procurement Canada (PSPC) is responsible for disposing and divesting federally owned lands that are deemed "surplus" and no longer necessary for Crown purposes. The MMF and PSPC engage in a process where PSPC identifies and notifies the MMF of Federal Land to be disposed or divested in the near future. Notification of newly identified disposals/divestitures are communicated through monthly updates between MMF staff and PSPC. The MMF continued to work with Canada to advance reconciliation with the Manitoba Métis and address any concerns or opportunities this process poses.

Kivahiktuq Agreement

The MMF has engaged with Crown Indigenous Relations & Northern Affairs Canada (CIRNAC) regarding the intent to consult the MMF on the proposed Kivahiktuq Agreement. The Agreement is a trilateral lands claims agreement between Canada, Manitoba, and the Inuit, and sets out Inuit harvesting, land ownership, and other related rights within a specified area of Northeastern Manitoba. The MMF has been working with legal counsel to navigate discussions with Canada and to ensure our Community's rights, claims, and interests are protected.

The MMF's Energy, Infrastructure & Resource Management Department has secured funding to hold a Community Meeting specific to the Kivahiktuq Agreement. Manitoba Métis Citizens can expect a Community Consultation Meeting specific to this Agreement in the 2021-2022 fiscal year.

Small Craft Harbours

In 2016, the MMF began to receive notifications from the Department of Fisheries and Oceans Canada (DFO) regarding the federal government's intended divestiture of recreational Small Craft Harbours. Through consultation with DFO over the proposed divestitures, the MMF has been able to protect Manitoba Métis Citizen's continued access to the harbours for commercial, cultural and subsistence use.

The MMF has been engaging with DFO regarding the proposed transfer of a Small Craft Harbour Wharf Site to the Town of Lac du Bonnet. The MMF, Canada, and the Town of Lac du Bonnet have registered a caveat that recognizes Métis Citizen use and rely on the lands and waters within the area of the Wharf Site to exercise their collectively held Métis Harvesting rights. The parties entered this agreement to protect and preserve the harvesting, fishing, and other rights of the Manitoba Métis on the Wharf Site. This agreement will be used as a template for future Small Craft Harbours divestitures such as the Amaranth and The Pas Wharf Sites.

Lac du Bonnet Gun Range and Education Centre

The Lac du Bonnet Wildlife Association (LDBWA) is proposing to construct a Gun Range and Education Centre on Crown land within the RM of Lac du Bonnet. The proposed project will consist of a rifle range, handgun range, trap range, trap house, clubhouse, and parking lot. Our Métis Harvesters continue to use and rely on this area to exercise their Section 35 Métis harvesting rights and raised several concerns to the MMF in relation to this proposed project. The MMF has engaged with the LDBWA and Manitoba's Lands Branch regarding the proposed construction on Crown land. Manitoba Métis Citizens can expect an upcoming Community Consultation Meeting in the 2021-2022 fiscal year specific to this proposed project.

For questions concerning the Lands portfolio, you may contact Riley Bartel, Conservation Coordinator, by phone at (204) 586-8474 or by email at riley.bartel@mmf.mb.ca.

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